The Gihon Spring
The Gihon Spring is a karstic spring that stems from a slope going down to the City of David and constituted a main water source of the city from its first beginnings. In the past the spring’s water alternated between a stronger and a weaker flow (from which it got its nickname of “Maayan Po’em” – the Throbbing Spring) and it is possible that the name Gihon also hints at this. The water of the spring was used by the city dwellers as drinking water and it was also channeled southward in the Caananite aqueduct (known as Channel 2) to irrigate the agricultural fields in the Kidron Valley. It was by this spring that King Solomon, the son of King David, was crowned as king of Israel…
” [they] caused Solomon to ride on King David’s mule, and brought him to Gihon. There Zadok the priest took the horn of oil from the tent, and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!” (I Kings 1:38-39).
The spring’s water was also used in the Temple service, in the libation ceremony, for purification and for the water of expiation. In the period of Hezekiah, King of Judah, an underground tunnel was hewn out to take the spring’s water to the other side of the city, to the Pool of Shelah.