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Mount Zion

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Mount Zion reaches a height of 765 metres above sea level and at its summit, according to popular tradition lies the grave of King David. In the Byzantine Period this western hill of Jerusalem began to be called by the name of Mount Zion, but from the Bible it transpires that Mount Zion was actually another name for Mount Moriah (II Kings 19, Micah 4, Psalm 48 and others). Towards the end of the First Temple Period Mount Zion and the area to its north were included within the city wall and its biblical name was Hamishne (the Secondary Hill). In Second Temple times the Jerusalem aristocracy – primarily the Priests – lived here and it was called “the Upper City”.

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